The Railroad Roots of Altoona, Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania Railroad:

No city is more synonymous with the Pennsylvania Railroad than Altoon. Located at the foot of Brush Mountain, in the Logan and Pleasant valleys, it is the tenth largest population after Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Erie, Reading, Scranton, Bethlehem, Lancaster and Harrisburg. But it was this mountain that first stopped and then caused growth.
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Covered by hardwood forests and intersected by the ridge of the Appalachian mountain range, which extends from Newfoundland to Alabama and serves as the Eastern Continental Divide in Pennsylvania, were an obstacle to both population development to the west and trade with their own part of Allegheny Ridge, push to height 4000 feet towards the sky. A supranational journey along the rudimentary trails left by wild animals and Native Americans over impressive peaks required three weeks – in the best conditions.
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British colonists, etching several logs for farms in the 18th century, were the first modern settlers in the area, while the first industrialists used its minerals through coal and iron furnaces. However, their products could only be transported by wagons to Pittsburgh, considered the gate to the west, through these primitive routes.
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The first remedial effort to mitigate this transport barrier was made in 1823, when John Stevens received a statute for the construction of a two-part railroad, the first from Philadelphia to Columbia, and the second from Columbia to Pittsburgh. But the idealized east-west rail connection evaporated with the promised capital.
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A new impulse to connect, however, came when trade, which was hitherto vigorous in Philadelphia, was led back to the Erie Channel route, completed in 1825, and the legislator, trying to reverse its effects, authorized the construction of a state channel connecting the main channel of Philadelphia with Pittsburgh for the first time.
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via the Allegheny Portage railway. Opening on March 18, 1834, he used an intermodal system in which canal boats sailed to the Hollidaysburg canal basin in the east before being transferred to railroad carriages, and then transported over the 36.65-mile section of Allegheny Ridge ridge using cables and stationary steam engines. Moved to the Johnstown Canal Basin in the west, they will complete their trip to Pittsburgh by water.
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Although he shortened his trip to Pennsylvania to four days based on the basic route-based Conestog car method, the system was still less than optimal, tedious to negotiate, and occasionally failed. A single-mode, continuous connection was needed, an obstacle to which of course was mountainous terrain.
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This spark was once again lit up by the competition. Indeed, it was intended for Pittsburgh, at least in construction form, to be used by the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, extending 178 miles from Cumberland, Maryland, and approaching it from the southeast.
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Fearing a second loss of lucrative west trade, Philadelphia opted for a Pennsylvania lifeline across the state in the form of a fast, efficient rail connection in one mode. Surprisingly, the Pennsylvania State Assembly, as needed, allowed both the extension of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad to Pittsburgh and the state card line ‘Pennsylvania Railroad’, which was to build the 249-mile extension of the existing Philadelphia-Harrisburg Track, therefore, it competes with the Main Line Canal and Allegheny Portage Railroad exchange system.
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The first move of the indigenous line within the state, no more than an inch, was imprinted on paper in the form of the signature of Governor Francis R. Skunks of April 13, 1846, Changing the Vision to the Right, and so on, great support was received for the new railway that the Baltimore Card Ohio was canceled the following year.
After selecting the first board of directors, which included: President Samuel Vaughn Merrick and chief engineer John Edgar Thomson, March 30, 1847, Surveys revealed three potential routes, the most feasible of which was west of Harrisburg via Logan & # 39; s Narrows to Sugar Gap Run, then on Robinson & # 39; s Summit (which will later be called “Altoon”), following the rivers Susquehanna and Juniata, before they reach 800 feet above Allegheny Mountains and end in Pittsburgh.
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But the Allegheny Portage railway could only beat impressive peaks with ten sloping planes. So how could Pennsylvania Railways do it without them? And although they were both seen as competitors, in reality they were initially complementary.
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The eastern section of the Pennsylvania Railroad, consisting of 173 miles of track from Lancaster to Duncansville, was opened in September 1850, linking the next month to the Allegheny Portage system, while the western section, from Pittsburgh to Johnstown, was completed on December 10, 1852.
Allegheny Portage, who was already wearing shoes in Pennsylvania with his intermediate and arduously slow, mountain vault, between the water and rail junction, only temporarily served as his connection because he tried to design a route on all tracks.
The problem was literally a track layout that would have to climb a rocky slope to overcome its 1216-foot peak through a tunnel with existing locomotive capabilities, while avoiding a stationary inclined engine. The required grade would be excessive.
The solution was a long, double loop of track that assumed a more gradual increase in locomotive height, reducing a 10% drop (or an increase of ten feet every 100 feet) to a milder 1.8 percent.
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The line running along the northern side of the valley turned left, over the artificial embankment, to Kittanning Point, where after the necessary chiselling of the rock walls it created the famous, half-kilometer-long Horseshoe Curve, its gradual elevation indicated by its west facade, which is 122 feet higher than its east.

Declared operational on February 15, 1854, he shortened the four-day trip between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh through the Allegheny Portage Railroad to just 15 hours by its Pennsylvania counterpart, and caused rapid loss of passengers and freight, forcing exchange to fail in two modes.

Although he used hybrid technology for infant development, he managed to overcome the topographical obstacle and was one of the necessary steps in technological climbing of man.

More importantly, the Horseshoe curve, symbolizing the triumph of the Allegheny state mountains in east-west travels, caused a secondary rise – from the pristine land – of the city needed for its maintenance and the railway that gave birth to it. This city was Altoona.

Altoon’s shopping complex:

Located at the foot of Alleghenies, Altoon grew out of a 224-acre farm by David Robinson, whose strategic location, 235 miles west of Philadelphia and 116 miles east of Pittsburgh, was optimal, from which additional locomotive power could be sent to help climb the grade. In conjunction with these train reconfigurations, there was a need for maintenance and repair of both the engine and rolling stock without propulsion.

The transfer agreement, signed on April 24, 1849. After paying a purchase price of USD 10,000, it provided the necessary land for the first railway stores. Being the heart of the Allegheny Mountains, feeding on coal, iron, wood and the region’s water resources, the city pumped life in the region.

Based on original plans developed in 1849, the Altoona Complex in the Pennsylvania Railroad included a machine workshop, engine room and assembly workshop, to which was added an eight-armed cabin with a round track and a long structure and a long structure housing a locomotive repair workshop, foundry, blacksmith, machine workshop, carpentry workshop and paint shop, thanks to which it can maintain its first, single-track connection with Pittsburgh using the New Portage Railroad sections in 1850. Progressive possibilities enabled him to perform three basic functions of car production, production of locomotive parts and repair.

But unsaturated demand required more and more efficiency. Until 1855, existing facilities were expanded and a 26-stall engine building was built.

The city’s own development was comparable to that of the railway complex, increasing from 2000 in 1854 to 3591 in 860 and exceeding the level of 10,000 a decade later, when a full ten percent of its population was employed in railway stores. From time to time, they broke into their own mini-metropolis with a car shop, tin shop, carpentry shop, car workshop, boiler room, round house, motor workshop, paint shop and iron and brass foundry. Administrative offices were located throughout the city.

The takeover of the main public works line in 1857 and the closure of the new Portage railway line only served to increase the demand for rail transport, requiring a corresponding increase in capacity at the Altoona complex.

Required by the civil war, the railway wagon for the carriage of ammunition and Union soldiers also made the Pennsylvania Railroad infrastructure an integral part of this effort, triggering another series of expansion in 1862.

However, endless demand, affecting the borders of the original Altoon complex from 1850, With the increase in the size of locomotives, prompted him to consider the location of production and repair of secondary engines. The engines themselves, previously weighing less than 30 tons and built from smaller sections, could be manually moved and mounted using basic blocks, lifts and rotary cranes, but their increased capabilities, reflected by their size, required greater clearance and propelling cranes to move, none of which may be placed in their original composition.

For example, the consolidation engine weighed 48 tons, but was replaced by the 57.3-ton class 1885.

The new place in the eastern part of the city was reflected in the name of the facility itself – Juniata Shops – which were built in the period from September 1888 to 1890 and offered a full range of functions: blacksmith; paint; boiler store; electric, plumbing and gas houses; paint structure; warehouses; hydraulic transfer table and office. The longitudinal assembly line in the configuration of the boiler-blacksmith’s workshop made it possible to increase the production of locomotives, which normally began with the flange, punching, construction and riveting of the boiler in the appropriate store before its transfer, in full form, to the place of assembly. The frames and forgings that were transferred from the blacksmith to the machine shop were now unified with cylinders and castings located in the center of the building, while the boiler was connected to the matching parts in the assembly workshop.

Final assembly, going from individual parts at the west end of the building to the completed unit at the east, usually required a week.

The Juniat complex, like its counterpart Altoon, has grown in response to demand for it. For example, in 1902–1903 enlarged erecting, blacksmith, machine and boiler plants were built, and then a second blacksmith shop and a completely new warehouse were added.

At the end of World War I, a second mechanical workshop took place in the extensive facility, which was initially used to build and repair tenders for locomotives.

Until 1926, the Juniata locomotive store consisted of two blacksmith workshops, a boiler room, two mechanical workshops, a tank workshop, and an assembly and machine workshop, enabling the repair of four locomotives a day and the production of 12 completely new ones per month. The fire that took place on December 27, 1931 and overpowered the original Altoon complex, moved all the work of the locomotives to Juniat seven years later.

Two historical events increased activity to a fever: during World War I tanks constantly called for armor reinforcement, and the transition from a traditional steam engine to a more advanced type of diesel required internal reconfiguration. However, due to increased reliability, he also signaled a reduction in staff by 1957, because it required less repairs and overhauls.

Altoona Works, peeking with 122 buildings and 218 acres of a three-mile long shipyard, employed 20,000 – 4,000 of them worked in the backyards, and 16,000 of them in stores – and produced 6,873 locomotives, becoming the largest complex of its type in the world railway stores. The Altoon population was around 90,000.

Once divided into five locations, it carried out repairs and production of locomotives in Altoon’s machine workshops, which themselves consisted of 36 departments and ran from 12 to 16 streets. Altoon’s auto stores, located in the southern part of the city, both built and repaired passenger, parlor, sleeping and postal coaches. Juniata stores offered a full range of current types of locomotive propulsion: steam, electric, gas-electric and electric diesel.

With a 395-foot diameter and 75-foot turntable, the East Altoona Engine House, fourth location, was the largest in the world with 50 stalls. The locomotive service center operated from 325 to 350 daily, including the T-1 class, the last and largest steam engine built in Altoon after installing a 110-foot turntable in 1942. The nearby East Altoona Coal Dock, a 135-foot concrete structure based on a steel frame and supplemented with 35 self-dump trucks, supplied steam engines used in Pittsburgh and Middle divisions with a capacity of 1250 tons.

South Altoona foundries, the fifth part of the complex, produced wheels for locomotives and cars.

The decline in train travel after World War II, caused by the growing popularity of cars, caused a gradual replacement of railways with highways, beginning the period of building the Altoon store and reducing employment.

The brief merger between the Pennsylvania Railroad and New York Central, which formed Penn Central on February 1, 1968, and initiated a $ 6.5 million modernization program, just as quickly sank into the bankruptcy tunnel two years later, on June 21, appearing as After Congress, Conrail passed a regional rail reorganization law of 1973 to investigate the uncertain situation in Penn Central. The recommended and accepted solution was to create a private company Consolidated Rail Corporation or “Conrail” from similarly corrupted companies, including Penn Central, Erie Lackawanna, Central of New Jersey, LeHigh Valley, Lehigh and Hudson River and Reading railroad tracks, in which case they chose stores with Juniata’s locomotives as the main repair facility that took over management control.

After the modernization program of 1983, he was able to offer a full production menu, repair, overhaul and maintenance services for engine controllers, alternators, power units, fans, generators and blower motors, as well as the production of the most modern modern EMD and General Electric locomotives for BNSF, CSX and Norfolk Southern, which eventually acquired the Conrail route system in Pennsylvania and, indirectly, the Juniata Shop Complex.

It still runs about 60 to 80 trains a day, including eastern and western “Pennsylvania” to New York and Pittsburgh served by Amtrak, Altoon, at the foot of Allegheny front, near the Horseshoe curve, using its obstacle topography, making an invaluable contribution to both infrastructure the country’s transport and industrial revolution, through the Pennsylvania Railroad and shopping complex, in the final transformation of obstacles into opportunities.

Altoona’s Railroad City, a tourist center in Allegheny Mountain, shares its past with current guests through the Railroaders Memorial Museum and the Horseshoe Curve monuments.

Railway Memorial Museum:

Located in the 1882 Master Mechanics Building, once used by the Pennsylvania Railroad as a test laboratory, the “Railroaders Memorial Museum”, in accordance with its self-appointed purpose, is dedicated to revealing, interpreting, commemorating and celebrating the significant contribution of railwaymen and their families to American life and industry, “a chronicle of railway history without which Altoona would not exist.

Sprouting from seeds first planted in 1967, when the Altoon Railway Museum Club was established, it was officially included as the “Railway Museum” five years later. The final plot of five acres, once occupied by the Penn Central Railroad Shop Complex and sold by the Altoon Reconstruction Office to Center Associates, was acquired in 1993. Together with the former Masters Mechanics plant and museum, which already had its grand opening on September 21 1980 celebrated its second event 18 years later, on April 25, 1998, with these additions.

Entering the interactive museum time portal that takes the visitor back to the Pennsylvania Railroad Operational Summit in the 1950s, recreated scenes, storefronts, interiors, voices and sounds, sits at a lively train station with hissing steam and piercing ears train whistles, just before entering the full-size replica of the K-4 locomotive number 1361.

The reason for the city’s existence is explained in “Why in Altoona in the world?” expose. He explains that Pittsburgh needed a rail link to the eastern part of the state, and the fledgling Pennsylvania Railroad fiercely competed with the already founded Baltimore and Ohio for the right to build it. He eventually won, merging Pittsburgh in the west with his mirror metropolis in the east, Philadelphia. But climbing Alleghenies was almost impossible. The place of wildlife, chosen by chief engineer Thomson, evolved into a base camp, which supported the feat and was called “Altoona”, eventually evolving into the capital of the world’s railways. Trains have been designed, built, tested and repaired here. His people would change the face of America and prove necessary in its protection, from the civil war to World War II.

Like many technological development chapters, Altoona, his people and the Pennsylvania Railroad have played an important role in the development of America as a nation.

Additional insight into the roots of the railways can be found in the two films ‘Altoona at Work: An Era of Steam’ and ‘Birth of a Curve’, shown on the first floor of the South Theater in Norfolk.

The “Railroad Work” and “A City of Railroaders” exhibitions on the second floor bring early Altoona back to life by recreating it in stores and surrounding areas such as Dutch Hill and Little Italy, and even include the extensive Pennsylvania Railroad model.

“Pennsy was the driving force behind Altoon’s growth,” he explains. “But the company didn’t build the city, which was the rest of the train.” Although it founded, arranged and helped, it decided not to own or build a city outside of real stores. Nevertheless, the strength and influence of the company penetrated through its arteries. Many of his districts were the result of his friends reinvesting their savings into building houses, which in turn provided rents to supplement their income.

The guest can temporarily get in their shoes. On Newstand, which was once at 12th Street Bridge, the boy, “standing” behind him in holographic form and bordering magazines for sale, tells the story of old Altoon. In the Kelly & # 39; s bar, which was once at the threshold of one of the many train shops, you can also overhear the city’s conversations.

Several residents shared their insights on the philosophy they left behind. For example, Sally Price, a Pennsylvania Railroad official, announced: “A dirty city was good because it meant people had a job. We always thought it was gold dust, not coal. It made America run away. ”

In May 1936, Fortune Magazine reported: “Think of the Pennsylvania Railroad as a country at war. The people who move these trains are soldiers on duty, day and night. ”

The far-reaching value of the railroad track network, which eventually spread northeast like a spider web, was captured by this compact gem: “Travel is the university of the nation.”

There was no more appropriate name for the railway than the one that reflected the state it conquered and associated with the rest of the country.

Museum exhibits on the third floor that focus on children include “Railroaders as American Heroes”, “The World & # 39; s Fair, “How to Run a Railroad,” “Report to Shareholders,” Test Laboratories, “and” End of the Era. ”

Outside the museum, it invites visitors to “stand in the center of the former railway store complex in the world – Altoona Works of Pennsylvania Railroad”. Established in 1850, along with the city, the stores expanded to 218 acres and occupied 122 buildings. With 88 acres under the roof, they housed 4,500 machine tools and 94 overhead cranes. Four separate groups of buildings appeared.

Stores met the ever-growing need to build, test, repair and rebuild a huge Pennsylvania fleet. During the eight decades, from 1866 to 1946, 6873 steam, diesel-electric and electric locomotives were produced here, as well as thousands of standard – and the first in the world – only steel cars, of which 16,415 left its door from 1921 to 1940. .

Today you can see several types of Pennsylvania Railroad wagons, including a N5 class cab / cabriolet (No. 477577), a steel X29L class car (No. 2136), express fridge (No. 2561) and a D78F class dining room car (number 4468). At 81 feet long, this “Altoon-built restaurant on wheels” accommodated 36 at formally set tables, but subsequent reconfiguration reduced the number to 32, with another ten sitting in the seating area. In 1941, the Pennsylvania Railway served 3.9 million meals.

Horseshoe Curve National Historic Landmark:

An innovative engineering approach to the conquest of the Allegheny Mountains, and thus providing trans-Pennsylvania, continuous track, east-west rail connection between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Horseshoe Curve replaced the obstruction of the inclined plane used by the Allegheny Portage Railroad. It is located 9 km from Railroaders Memorial Museum and is included in the price of the admission ticket.

Due to the growing popularity as a train view area, Kattanning Point, the bend site, was transformed into a telegraph and observation station in 1855, while the tank, built inside, supplied water to the ever-growing city of Altoona.

The demand for rail transport, generated by the equally growing demand of the country for factory-made goods, soon required an increase in train frequency, which in turn required an additional track to accommodate. The Horseshoe Curve, opening with a single line, was quadrupled in the late nineteenth century, receiving the second song in 1898, the third in 1899, and the fourth in 1900, the last two of which could be laid only after additional clearance was provided by removing parts of the face of the rock – all the while trains were still running on the inside of the arch.

Kattanning Point, for the first time in 1932, reached by a gravel road, grew out of a small stone guest lodge at its base eight years later, but was moved to a gift shop and visitor center, because this road was a symbol of which gradually bit away from the original goal of the track. This actual station was then demolished.

In 1957, the park’s operations were moved from the Pennsylvania Railroad to the city of Altoona, and a decade later Horseshoe Curve was declared a national historical landmark.

The semi-circular curve – an industrial connection to the west, topographic triumph and growth catalyst – is in fact an act of excellence, designed by and for the railway that gave rise to the city where locomotives and wagons were manufactured in such a way that the Horseshoe Curve could connect them with the rest country – one need, causing many by-products to serve each other, none of which would be possible without the other, in the final earthly expression “creation. ”

Two tables confirm these facts. The first, reflecting his status as a National Historic Land Engineering Landmark, states: “Horseshoe Curve was designed and built under the direction of Pennsylvania’s chief rail engineer and later company president J. Edgar Thomson. 366 meters wide, 1310 meters long and had a rating of 1.8 percent. ”

The second states: “Horseshoe Curve has been entered into the National Register of Historic Railway Monuments – 1854-2004. The first railroad that crosses the Allegheny Mountains between Harrisburg and Pittsburgh with a maximum rating of 1.87 percent was designed by J. Edgar Thomson 150 years ago. ”

In the museum, opposite the souvenir shop, there are exhibits titled “Building the curve”, “Conservation” and “Changing the face of the curve”, as well as a relief map and a small video room in which the film “Birth of the” Curve “can be viewed, if she was missing at the Railway Memorial Museum. It is also the starting point of a 12-seater cable car that leads to the top of the ridge and the K curve Horseshoe viewing area. Alternatively, the area can be reached by climbing 194 steps.

The dotted picnic park, centered on the 7048 diesel locomotive on the Pennsylvania railroad, allows visitors to see frequent trains around the three tracks, which now consist of a horseshoe curve in front of it or behind the Kattanning tank, which looks like a blue gem shimmering amongst green hills. The train viewing schedule, available at the souvenir shop for visitors, includes frequencies, approximate transit times and operations involving passengers or freight, and is supplemented by loud speaker transmissions from real trains. Norfolk Southern freight trains with a double locomotive, emitting protesting screams, circling massive turns on the farthest slate rock from the viewer, are common targets.

The table says the curve is 2,375 feet long and has a nine-point, 15-minute curvature, 220-degree center angle, a 1,594-meter elevation at the eastern end, and a rating of 91 feet per mile.

The plaque, placed in front of the track and entitled “Over the Hill”, describes “how the railways defeated Alleghenies’s backbone between Altoona and Johnstown.”

The Allegheny Portage state railway, of course, was the first to do so, its eastern end was west of Hollidaysburg, and its “first of ten” was designated because it was the first of ten inclined planes. Duncansville served as the original point of connection between it and the Pennsylvania railway line, whose initial main line was run by Altoon, until the opening of the Horseshoe Curve in 1854.

In parallel with his design, a continuous New Portage Railroad was built, which eliminated the uncomfortable method of traveling on an inclined plane. When buying it in 1857, the Pennsylvania Railroad did not use it until 1904, when the increased demand for freight transport required an unloading route, but abandoned it for the second time in 1981.

Area tracks were also used by SE Baker Railroad and later by Glen White Coal and Lumber Company.

Today, the Pennsylvania Railroad Main Line, originating in New York and running through Philadelphia and Harrisburg, moves through the Curseshoe Curve before negotiations with many but smaller, including McGinleys, McCanns, AG, Greenough, Brandimarte, Allegrippus, Cold, Bennington and Salpino . Continuing through the Allegheny and New Portage tunnels, he travels to Pittsburgh and to the west – a destination predicted over a century and a half ago.


Travel offers for family holidays for Mother's Day

Mother’s Day falls on May 9 this year; a date that is fast approaching. Mothers seem to be the glue that holds the family together. They fix scraped knees and repair broken hearts.
They take care of children, pets, home, and other significant people and never seem to have a break. It is difficult to organize a family vacation because everyone seems so busy, but Mother’s Day can be the perfect time for a family vacation.
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Mother’s Day falls on Sunday, so getting away from the norm is an ideal idea. These family holidays for Mother’s Day are inexpensive and entertain all family members or are designed specifically for mom. Regardless of her preferences, these activities and trips are ideal for travel and family vacations.
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Spring Day Trips
– One-day trips and family holidays in free time give families time to break away from everyday activities, without moving too far from home. You will be shocked when you learn about beautiful places in the park that you never knew about, near the house or outlet centers for the whole family.
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Destination and Resort Spa Getaways
– Resorts are the mother’s dream and they don’t have to be too expensive. Spas allow for a moment of relaxation and rejuvenation from family stress and work.
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Mother’s Day weekend festivals
– These weekend festivals are fun for the whole family. Festivals can be a day trip or a special family weekend getaway. There are those at Hilton Head in South Carolina, which hosts events related to visual and performing arts, festivals in North Carolina with barbecue preparations, and international festivals in Kentucky, where entertainment, half-way games, carnival rides, car show, competitions and salesmen give families of all sizes of fun activities.
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Family vacation in the mountains
– Both the west and east coasts have amazing mountain ranges that are calm and bloom in spring. The earliest bloom of mountain flowers begins at lower altitudes and creeps into the eastern mountain ranges, thanks to which the breathtaking view of Mother’s Day is breathtaking.
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Cooking courses / Culinary family holidays
– Cooking classes are no longer what they were. With the influx of culinary travel, activities and shows flourished in resorts, culinary festivals, restaurants and shops especially for gastronomy.
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Moms can enjoy a fun, optimistic half-hour cooking lesson or spend the whole weekend in a cooking resort, where they have the opportunity to work in modern kitchens, collaborate with well-known chefs and learn about dishes produced by different cultures.
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Historical pages
– Southeastern United States is full of historic family vacation travel. Beautiful historic residences such as Mt. Vernon, Virginia, home of George & Washington and Historic Natchez in Mississippi, where private residences with antebellum open doors for tourists for five weeks in March, are great options to visit.
There are also battlefields, historic districts and museums that are great for weekend visits. Depending on the distance, these historic family vacations can be day trips or a weekend trip!
Bitcoin and cryptocurrency markets are in turmoil tonight after the disappointing launch of the long-awaited cryptocurrency platform Bakkt.
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Bitcoin mimes shed 15% of its value this week, with some of its biggest rivals including Ethereum, Ripple’s XRP, litecoin and bitcoin money, registering losses of up to 22% as investors blocked low trading volume of Bitcoin Bakkt.
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Now, new studies have begun for a “systematic shocking trend” in bitcoin price movements, with bitcoin falling further than future CME Bitcoin average futures contracts that settle each month.

The best hotels in Ocean City

Ocean City is proud of its dazzling white sand beaches as well as moderate weather. It is also famous for its Boardwalk, entertainment and shopping center here. Boardwalk is also the place of many world-famous players in the hotel industry. Here are some luxury Ocean City hotels and accommodations especially found on the Boardwalk.

Holiday Inn Hotel and Suites. This is one of the most, if not the most luxurious hotels in Ocean City, Maryland. Enjoy the beautiful ocean view in one of the stylishly decorated apartments and rooms. It has 210 apartments and 210 guest rooms. Each of them is gracefully decorated with modern equipment and is equipped with a kitchen, fridge, satellite TV, music and video players and telephones.

Hemingways at the Coral Reef is the hotel restaurant at the Holiday Inn, which offers a delicious menu for selected taste buds. This restaurant serves breakfast, lunch and dinner and offers island-style dishes, modern and traditional dishes. Try the crab dip, the delicious combination of shallot, cottage cheese and fresh crab. You should also try their tempting penne pasta perfectly mixed with olive oil, garlic and herbs.

The Holiday Inn is a favorite destination of many tourists and business travelers. It offers a selection of twenty four-hour services, especially beneficial for people with a rich schedule. This one is quite an expensive choice, but everything is worth it. Located twenty miles from Salisbury Airport, you can always expect a great beach holiday at the Holiday Inn.

Days Inn Boardwalk. The spectacular structure with a modern interior The Days Inn is ideally located near the Ocean City business and entertainment district. Relax in one of the recommended pools and the children will have fun in the children's pool.

For accommodation, it offers three impressive options: poolside rooms that provide a quiet view of one of the hotel pools; on the street side, with a few rooms giving you limited views of the Bay and the Atlantic Ocean; and the ocean, which presents a direct and full view of the Boardwalk and the Ocean.

Each room is elegantly decorated with modern furniture and elements such as bedding, carpet, TV, safe and electronically controlled lock. The rooms are also equipped with kitchenware and necessary kitchenware such as kitchenware, fridge, microwave and coffee maker. Days Inn also provides free cots. For your convenience, a 24-hour service is available.

Paradise Plaza Inn. Good taste and comfort are two things you can expect from this Boardwalk hotel. It is also one of the best accommodation offers in Ocean City. Why? First of all, the Paradise Plaza Inn is conveniently located on the oceanfront, where Worcester County's famous places of interest such as Assateague Island and Assateague State Park, fishing harbors and Ocean City Outlets are located.

It also presents a range of apartments and oceanfront accommodation that are equipped with safes, high-speed Internet access, hair dyes, microwaves, coffee makers and refrigerators. From the terraces of these apartments you can hear the sound of the ocean waves, which can make you feel nostalgic or soothe a sweet sleep.

It has large banquet rooms, which can be an ideal place for any occasion and event, such as company meetings, birthday balls and wedding parties.

Whether you're traveling for pleasure or business, Ocean City has thousands of hotels and accommodations that guarantee a relaxing and unusual stay.

Travel to Washington for less

Visiting our nation's capital is something that many Americans would like to do. Travel expenses can make it difficult for some tourists to see this beautiful city. In this article, you'll learn how to explore the capital of the free world for less.

  • Buy a short pass to the subway (subway). This allows you to use the subway for an unlimited number of short rides at an attractive price.
  • Stop in Virginia or Maryland near a subway station. These hotels have cheaper rates.
  • Do not visit in spring or summer. Other seasons will have cheaper hotel rates.
  • Camping or bring a motorhome.
  • Eat at least one meal in the hotel room to save money. If you stay at a hotel near a metro station, you don't need a car. Many hotels are within walking distance of pharmacies and grocery stores. Buy the basics to keep in your room.
  • Carry water bottles with you and fill them in nearby fountains.
  • Visit free Smithsonian museums and request free tickets for tours from the Senator or Congressman's office.
  • Do not eat lunch in restaurants in museums, they are very expensive.
  • Limit souvenirs to one or two things you love, not many small things that you see everywhere.
  • If you are going to DC, do not stay at the hotel, which charges a parking day fee.
  • Find a hotel with breakfast.
  • Walk around popular neighborhoods to see them, but don't eat there. For example Georgetown, Old Towne etc.
  • Go only to museums that do not charge, such as the Smithsonian museums. Museums like the Crime Museum and the International Spy Museum charge a fee.
  • Take part in a free concert every day at the Kennedy Center. Check online to see what is playing every day.
  • If you want to see the game at Kennedy Center, check prices only for standing room. Sometimes they cost just 35 USD!
  • Buy tickets for special tours online. Usually you can save a few dollars by buying tickets before arrival.
  • Use bus transfers, they charge much less than taxis. Take the free King Street subway trolley to Old Towne Alexandria.

With a little planning, you can cut costs and see Washington, DC, for much less.

There are many free and fun things to do. For example, plan to see the mall at night. Viewing illuminated sights is beautiful and free. The city has many free things to see and do. If you can reduce the cost of accommodation and travel, it is worth going on a trip!

Local travel guides – cheap ideas for local travel and events

My wife, Diana and I are adventurers. We expect cheap local trips every weekend. We have never been "at home" or "put foot and watch the game" of people. We always felt that adventure was always outside our door. This is probably a big reason why we like to move every few years and explore different places.

Every time we think about the next place, we make sure that there is a lot going on in the area. That's why we currently live in Rockville, Maryland. We are about 20 miles from the center of DC, which gives us a full range of museums and other tourist attractions. We also like to hike, ride a bike or visit nearby historic cities, providing a perfect balance between the sophistication of the city and rural donuts (mmm … donuts).

Unfortunately, traveling can be expensive, and by sharing a list of cheap resources that we use, you can find ways to enjoy new and interesting places.

Ideas for places to visit

* Frommer & # 39; s
* Virtual tourist
* Fodor & # 39; s
* National Park service

Special events in the city

* Zvents
* US Museums
* Your local newspaper or city page
* Here are some local event resources pages: South Florida, SF Area, Boston, Washington Post, Los Angeles, Las Vegas, New York, and Chicago. Houston

Other ideas for finding places and events

* Check out the library for great local travel guides such as Off the Beaten Path, Insider & # 39; s Guide, Moon, Mobil, Frommer & # 39; s, Fodor & # 39; s, Falcon and more.
* AAA members can use their website to get discounts on tickets and FREE maps.
* Each country has a Department of Tourism where they can send literature directly to you
* Offices and local visitors' kiosks can provide ideas when you get there
* Local Chamber of Commerce – Local travel companies are looking for a chamber to display
* Tour America factories (most free) – I went to the Jelly Belly factory in Northern California – delicious!
* If you like a particular activity, you will probably create a specific national association that can provide local and regional ideas such as American Hiking or American Sportfishing
* Meetup – local meetings for groups with special interests or create your own (I joined the dodge ball meeting some time ago)
* Craigslist

Let me know about great resources and I will add them to the list.

Six Flags America Discount Tickets – What are your Options? Learn all about this park and how to save

There are many advantages to buying Six Flags America discount tickets online – especially season tickets. The most obvious benefit is the convenience of having tickets earlier. You don't have to wait and wait in line all day, especially if you have a flash pass.

Another benefit is that discounted tickets are cheaper on the Internet than in the park. Because the company processes online ticket orders easier and cheaper than at the gate, customers are lower. For example, the current online special offer is two regular tickets for the price of one.

The best option is to get the 2010 season pass for Six Flags America. This pass is usually not much higher than the price for a single regular ticket! With it you can get unlimited visits to ALL parks and numerous additional benefits such as free tickets for friends, hundreds of dollars in savings, Skip a Line Pass, free concerts and many exclusive giveaways that are not available for regular guests.

Now that you know about some discount ticket options, you need to learn more about the park itself. Six Flags America and Hurricane Harbor are located in the Maryland / Washington area. The best time to visit is on summer weekdays and the most regular operating days in September and October. In these times, attendance is the lightest, so you don't have to worry about crowds.

The amusement park is divided into different themed areas, each with special rides and attractions. The map is available online for printing. Thematic areas are: Gotham City, Olde Boston, Southwest Territory, Looney Tunes Movie Town, Nantucket and Thomas Town for children. Hurricane Harbor is of course a water park.

There are rides for visitors of all ages. Some are exciting and joyful, while others are rather gentle. The amusement park is filled with roller coasters, such as Superman: Ride of Steel, which is the fastest and most exciting. You fly 20 floors on 1 mile of track at a speed of 75 miles per hour! Hurricane Harbor has many slides and fun water rides. It is open from the end of May to September.

Now that you have an idea of ​​how exciting and fun both an amusement park and a water park can be, you need to order Six Flags America discount tickets while they are still at an unbeatable price! Whether you want to buy a regular ticket or a season pass, you should get it before the start of the season, as prices may soon increase.

A guide to Baltimore – outdoor activities

Baltimore is a city that combines natural trails and beautiful landscapes. It's a place where you spend your holiday outdoors, with many naturally beautiful wonders that are waiting to be discovered at Calvart Cliffs State Park, Savage River State Forest, Janes Island State Park and many other wild forests here. You can enjoy the outdoors in protected isolation, because this place offers a long list of adventures and leisure options for visitors, such as camping, hiking, cycling and more, and that's just a cheap ticket to Baltimore. Here is a list of outdoor activities in Baltimore.

Ride the Rail Trails. There are several such railway routes in Maryland. As more and more railway tracks have become obsolete, they have been paved and turned into flat bicycle routes. This is a great opportunity to be in nature and see Baltimore first hand. This is a very popular activity among tourists. Thanks to this, you will be close to your fitness goals and at the same time will be able to enjoy your journey. This is especially good because holidays are where we leave our diet and indulge in criminally high-calorie feasts.

Appalachian Trail. It is quite an easy hike if you are an active person. It is a 40-mile hiking trail from Pen-Mar to the Potomac River. It's a very picturesque trail and you can take a few photos here. Being here will make you relive it again when you realize that being in nature can be so beautiful.

Assateague Island. This is a unique escape. This island on the outskirts of the city is full of wild horses and peaceful beaches. It is the perfect place to have some time for views on your life and goals. Here you can see wild horses – it's a very Hollywood sequel.

Smith Island. It is an island a few minutes by ferry from the mainland. It is famous for its delicious layered pancakes and wild nature, which has not yet been spoiled. This gives you the opportunity to look into the world, as was the case with mother nature.

Gunpowder river pipe. This is an annual local event during which everyone rides the subway on the cold waters of the river. This is a particularly good way to beat the summer heat and have fun. The river is nothing to worry about a few light rapids. Transfer services are available that will take you back to the river when done.

Camping in Green Ridge Forest. It is a few hours away from the city. This is an ideal place for outdoor enthusiasts. Here you can camp in primitive forests, go fishing and boating. This place is very picturesque and erected.

Marathon. The state organizes several marathons every year. Along with marathons, ultra marathons, cross-country trails, 15 km, 10 km and other running events are planned every weekend. It is a very good place to put on running shoes and meet other runners to enjoy the natural beauty of this place.

Being in nature is now a luxury and you should enjoy such experiences whenever possible. Living in cities, we move away from natural life, which is what we can improve during summer holidays in places such as Baltimore.

Don't be a traveler – 14 tips on Thanksgiving to simplify your life

It's almost never too early to book your flight tickets on Thanksgiving. In fact, you should probably be doing this last week. As you prepare for Turkey Day travel plans, here are some tips to keep in mind, which will simplify travel days and make other travelers grateful that you are one of the few travelers who actually have them.

1. Hire a bag courier. If you are unable to take your hand luggage with you, make a reservation with the courier at least three days before the flight. Relatively cheap cost exceeds the convenience of getting your luggage to your destination.

2. Online check-in. Most airlines offer online check-in, which is available 24 hours before departure. If you don't check-in your luggage, you can go straight to the security line and get past these crazy check-in lines.

3. Depart from Arrivals and vice versa. Ask the driver, family, friend or taxi to leave arrivals and pick up departures. You will waste a lot of time off the schedule and avoid the typical frustration associated with travel.

4. Fly on Thanksgiving and / or come back home on Friday. You can find cheap tickets if you're flying to Thanksgiving. Plus traveling is very easy compared to Thursday before. Search for cheap flight tickets on Friday after a large meal to make your life easier. If you take your flight early enough on Thursday, you can still make it to the feast.

5. Do not pack wrapped gifts in a bag. You risk becoming that person in the safety line. Only with some boxes and wrapping paper when you reach your destination.

6. Search your bags in luggage on the carousel. It is usually too late for airlines to catch a staff thief if you are waiting to make sure that nothing has been stolen from your luggage after reaching your destination.

7. If possible, select airports. Fly to Midway instead of O & Hare, Maryland instead of Washington International, Oakland instead of San Francisco if you want less troublesome and cheap flights.

8. Bring snacks. Just as there is no reason not to book your flight tickets at a discount, there is no reason to pay for food at airport prices. If you want, you can pack the whole meal if you don't want to, and you don't have to worry about wasting time at a food stop.

9. Check the status of your flight before flying to the airport. Don't spend hours of your precious time sitting on the airport if you don't have to. On busy travel days, flights are often delayed and the time of departure is reduced, so be proactive.

10. Arrive early. Sounds too easy doesn't it? Too many people think that this rule no longer applies to them, but you never know what shenanigans you will meet at the airport. Perhaps the child in front of you on the safety line vomits and it takes an additional 45 minutes to divert the line. This is disgusting, but absolutely likely.

11. Start the detour. If your flight is full and no one gives up your flight tickets, you can legally start your own bidding war. Of course, this only works if you have something valuable to offer.

12. Take the first flight of the day. Getting up early is annoying, but you'll be more likely to avoid delays and find cheap tickets. Just remember that the sooner you reach your destination, the more you will have to take a nap before grandma asks you for help in a green bean casserole.

13. Build an additional stop time. Many discount sites offer minimal downtime. Try to manually set the time on the site or call the booking line to see if you can build at least an hour, just in case.

14. Get ready for security. You should already know this exercise: have your boarding pass and ID card handy, wear easily removable footwear, place all liquids in a plastic bag and take your laptop out of the bag. There is nothing more annoying than a person who takes 20 minutes at the conveyor belt because it is not prepared.